Quick Nigersaurus Facts
- Lived during the middle Cretaceous period
- Lived on the African continent
- Was a sauropod
- Was about 60 feet long
- It had 500 teeth
- Name means “Niger River Lizard”
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The genus Nigersaurus belongs to the sauropod dinosaur family that lived on the African continent during the middle Cretaceous period, around 100 to 97 million years ago.
It was first discovered in the late 19th century by French paleontologist Eugène Dubois. Dubois was working in what is now Niger, Africa, when he unearthed the first remains of Nigersaurus. These remains were initially thought to belong to an African relative of the North American diplodocid dinosaurs.
The first fossils of Nigersaurus were discovered in the Elrhaz Formation of Niger in the year 1997. However, further study revealed that Nigersaurus was actually a member of a different group of sauropods known as the rebbachisaurids.
Nigersaurus is one of the most archaeologically important dinosaurs because it is helping researchers to better understand the anatomy and physiology of other sauropods. It is also one of the most completely known rebbachisaurids, with over 200 bones of at least 17 different dinosaurs discovered.
The nigersaurus was a medium-sized sauropod. It measured about 18 meters (59 feet) in length and weighing around 12 metric tons (13 short tons). Despite its short head and small neck, it had a long tail and teeth that were adapted for grazing on plants. Nigersaurus is thought to have been a quadrupedal herbivore and may have fed on soft plants using its long neck and a small head.
The Nigersaurus had extremely long neck. It was about twice the length of its body. This adaptation is thought to have evolved in order to allow Nigersaurus to reach higher levels of vegetation. Nigersaurus also had a very small head. It measured only about 30 centimetres (12 inches) in width.
It was a quadrupedal dinosaur, meaning that it walked on all fours. However, its legs were relatively short in comparison to its body. It is thought to have been proficient at rearing up on its hind legs in order to reach higher levels of vegetation. Nigersaurus is believed to have been a herbivore and may have fed on soft plants using its long neck and a small head.
The Dinosaur With 500 Teeth!
One for the most distinctive features of the Nigersaurus was its teeth. It has 500 teeth! They were peg-like and adapted for grazing on plants.